You have probably heard of diabetes plenty of times in your life. If you or a loved one has recently been diagnosed with this disease, however, you might have realized that you don’t know much about diabetes at all. Before you can work on preventing or treating diabetes in yourself or someone you care about, you first have to understand what the disease is and how it works.
Diabetes, which is generally referred to by physicians as diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic diseases, is surprisingly common in the United States. Basically, diabetes is a disease in which an individual has overly high blood glucose, which is also known as blood sugar.
High blood glucose levels can be caused by a few different things. Some people’s bodies do not produce enough insulin.
Others body cells simply do not handle insulin correctly. In some diabetics, the issue is a combination of both. A person whose body does not produce insulin at all has Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes refers to someone whose body does produce insulin but who does not produce the proper amount.
Gestational diabetes can also be a concern, but it only affects women who are pregnant.
Individuals who have diabetes generally suffer from a few different symptoms. Most diabetics find that they urinate very frequently. Many people also feel extremely hungry and thirsty, find that they are gaining weight with little explanation, suffer from wounds that do not heal as quickly as they should or feel very fatigued, even when they have had proper rest.
It is important for an individual who suffers from these symptoms to be checked out by a physician as quickly as possible. Diabetics need to follow a healthy eating plan, should often lose weight and should take insulin and other medication to stay healthy. It is also important for diabetics to purchase and use diabetes testing equipment to monitor their blood glucose levels.
Unfortunately, an individual who has diabetes is at a greater risk of other health issues. For example, people who have diabetes are more likely to suffer from heart disease and can be at an increased risk of oral issues, issues with their arms and legs and more.
The good news, however, is that there has been a lot of research done over the years about diabetes. This means that doctors and other healthcare professionals have worked on the best methods for maintaining diabetes and keeping patients as healthy as possible while fighting this disease. There have also been a lot of innovations in medication, nutrition and more to help keep you or your loved one as well as possible with diabetes.
There are millions of Americans in the United States and around the world who are living happy, healthy and long lives with diabetes. However, it is imperative to see a doctor, do your research and learn as much as you can about this disease if you want to maintain the best health possible for yourself or your diabetic loved one.