When you think of diabetes, you probably think about one particular disease. However, you should know that there are actually three types of diabetes. Although the symptoms and healthcare risks are similar between these different types of diabetes, they are somewhat different.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes affects about 10 percent of the diagnosed diabetics in the world. Basically, someone who has Type 1 diabetes is unable to produce insulin at all. Type 1 diabetes is known by other names as well, including juvenile diabetes, early onset diabetes and insulin dependent diabetes.
Many people who have Type 1 diabetes are diagnosed when they are children or teenagers.
Even among those who are not diagnosed during youth, the vast majority of people who have Type 1 diabetes are diagnosed before they turn 40.
Unfortunately, someone who has Type 1 diabetes will be dependent on insulin and diabetes medication for the rest of his or her life. Individuals with this type of diabetes should also check their blood glucose levels regularly so that they can take their medication when they need it. Luckily, eating a healthy diet can help someone with Type 1 diabetes manage his or her disease.
Type 2 Diabetes
The most common type of diabetes in the United States is Type 2 diabetes. In fact, a shocking 90 percent of individuals who have diabetes suffer from this type. Type 2 diabetes can show up in children and teenagers, but it is more prevalent in adults.
The main thing that you should know about Type 2 diabetes is that it generally becomes progressively worse rather than striking at once. In fact, many individuals are diagnosed as being prediabetic first, and they can maintain this stage for many years.
Type 2 diabetes can be caused by many factors, but being overweight or obese can increase one’s risk of developing the disease. Also, those who carry a lot of body fat in their stomach and abdomen are generally at a higher risk of Type 2 diabetes. By losing weight, exercising, eating a healthy diet and otherwise living a healthy lifestyle, many people who are prediabetic can actually prevent themselves from developing diabetes.
Those who do have Type 2 diabetes also have to monitor their blood glucose levels carefully and may need to take insulin shots and other diabetes medication. For someone who has Type 2 diabetes, however, healthy living and eating a diabetic-friendly diet can help slow down the progression of the disease. Many people who transition to a healthier diet and an overall healthier lifestyle find that they no longer have to take insulin or diabetes medication in order to stay healthy, but those who have been diagnosed with diabetes will still have to see their doctors and monitor their blood glucose levels for the rest of their lives.
Many people are shocked to learn that one type of diabetes can actually attack pregnant women. Known as gestational diabetes, this disease can come from a pregnant woman’s body’s inability to properly create insulin. Many women with gestational diabetes are able to stay safe and healthy without medication, but they should eat properly and see the doctor regularly to ensure that they are safe.
No matter what type of diabetes one might have, it’s important to understand the seriousness of this disease. However, different types of diabetes are caused by different things and are often treated differently, so it is important to know the difference.